help to understand civil right and civil liberties need a knowledgeable background

Knowledge in general; in Court system appellate, The incorporation Doctrine, most important is Constitutional Amendment .

Callibri, 12 font size, one inch margin.

Each question have limited word , please do follow the instructions. answer in between (100-120) words

you can add in separate document text or file that support your argument.

questions are provide in Picture/files. No cite that are not supported by Google Scholar., meaning just use Google Scholar if going to use any. No Wikipedia.